Digging deeper into the story of E.T.

By Shawn Robare

Here’s my second and final Monkey Goggles article that was originally published a little over a year ago on the Archie McPhee literary webzine.  As I mentioned yesterday, I’m putting these articles up here as it seems that MG isn’t going to be publishing any longer and in case that site fades away I’d like to have a record of the article.  This piece centers on the differences between the final cuts of films and the book adaptations of the screenplays those films were based upon. T he main example I use is the novelization of E.T. and how it could have been, and in the novel is, a much darker story.  You can also find my thoughts on the sequel story, E.T. The Book of the Green Planet, that was never made into a film, only published as a stand alone novel…

In the realm of film novelizations, there’s rarely room for originality, but every once in a while these books can be a treasure trove of interesting material.

Novelizations were originally a brilliant marketing scheme to bring a sense of weight and establishment to otherwise light genre flicks, at least in the case of the print editions of stories like Star Wars.  It’s rumored that Alan Dean Foster was hired to ghost-write the novel in George Lucas’ name so that the film would have the “literary” background of at the time recent hits like Mario Puzo’s The Godfather and Peter Benchley’s Jaws.  Later, in a pre-home video world, these novelizations became a merchandising phenomenon, giving hungry audiences an outlet for reliving their favorite films and breathing new life into genre publishing.

The novelization of E.T. sold more than one million copies and gave a generation of fans a glimpse into an alternate view of the story that almost was.  The original idea behind the movie was not to make a tranquil boy-loves-alien adventure, but instead a darker, more sinister sequel to Close Encounters of the Third Kind.  Originally titled “Night Skies”, the story centered around a malevolent race of aliens that land on earth and besiege a family living on a farm.  Though there was a script written by John Sayles, Spielberg eventually decided that he didn’t want to produce a violent extra-terrestrial sequel to Close Encounters, and instead broke up the script, reusing aspects that what would eventually become story points in later Spielberg productions — namely Poltergeist, Gremlins, and E.T.

Though the character of E.T. became much tamer in the eventual film, author William Kotzwinkle had a much deeper and slightly darker tone in mind when he was commissioned to pen the novelization.  First and foremost, the book contains a fascinating shift in the story’s point-of-view.  Whereas Spielberg chose to ape Charles Schultz’s child’s height world-view perspective, rarely showing the faces or upper torsos of adult characters and basking in the wonderment of a kid’s point-of-view, the book instead takes on a more omniscient angle.  Instead of approaching the alien from Elliott’s perspective, we are instead invited into the mind’s eye of E.T. himself, seeing Earth as it appears to him.  He loses the infant-like quality that made him so loveable in the film, and is instead imbued with the sage wisdom of a ten million year-old wanderer.

One of my favorite moments in the novelization is when, E.T. plays the role of the audience for a second, and it gives the author an opportunity to provide some commentary on Spielberg’s filmic charm.  Kotzwinkle has E.T. strolling out to the edge of the redwood forest where the aliens have landed at the beginning of the film.  After securing a sapling for examination and cataloging, E.T. is enraptured by the lights of the suburban neighborhood sitting at the foot of the valley.  Knowing that this is going to be their last visit to Earth for centuries, E.T. lingers, longing to peek into the windows of the homes, to get a glimpse of the human middle class life.  Again, it’s just a bit of commentary on what makes Spielberg’s early work so special.

It’s also interesting that, with this shift in viewpoint, certain aspects of the story take on a much darker tone.  At the beginning when the humans come to the landing site and start searching the woods, we’re introduced to “Keys”, Peter Coyote’s nameless scientist character who is known in the story by the jangling key-ring on his belt.  When E.T. sees him for the first time, the keys are described thus: “…the old botanist saw the man’s belt, with something hanging from it like an assemblage of teeth, jagged-edged, trophies possibly, wrenched from the mouth of some other unfortunate space creature, and placed on a ring…”  A bit later, the author has E.T. describing the circular key ring as a sort of open-mouthed grin with jangling teeth.

There’s also an isolationist’s tone to the opening of the novel. E.T.’s species survive for millennia and have cultivated a vast knowledge as well as a Zen-like understanding of peace and harmony, yet they refuse to attempt to communicate with the humans, instead centering all their attention on Earth’s flora because they are afraid of being ridiculed and mocked.  It’s a very odd and dark way to approach the material, for sure.  E.T. was Wall-E before there was a “Wall-E”.

Another interesting aspect that Kotzwinkle either added to the “E.T.” universe or amped up from the script was the idea of the alien race being so closely connected to plant-life that they not only communicate with it, but also have the ability to physically manipulate it. It’s either that, or that plants defy their normal physics in their presence. In the opening scene when the humans have descended upon the landing site and E.T. is trying to get back to the ship, there are trees that lift their roots to trip the pursuing earthlings, while a patch of emotionally-clingy weeds hold the alien back, wanting him to stay with them. It exudes a passion for the story that goes beyond simple script adaptation, which I think is rare in these 1980s era movie novelizations.

I could go on and on with how much deeper the original novelization probes into the characters – how Elliot, Steve and Gertie’s mother Mary (played by an exasperated Dee Wallace in the film) is so lonely and lost in her own mind that she fantasizes about disappearing from life and, believe it or not, masturbation.  (See page 17; the innuendo is there.)  She’s also simultaneously dreading the world her children have to face, wondering if they’ll succumb to overdosing on drugs, all while listening in on them playing a campaign of Dungeons and Dragons in the kitchen.

Who would have thought that there’d be room for this sort of storytelling in what amounts to simple movie merchandising in a decade known for its hollow commercialism?  I honestly didn’t think there was anything left for me to learn from a story I grew up with and thought I knew so well. Never in a million years did I think I’d get so sucked into reading the E.T. novelization that I’d be skipping lunch breaks and desperately wondering what happens next.

  • AiXeLsyD13 – I believe they did. I know the first Karate Kid novel has some extra scenes between Daniel and Johnny where you can see Johnny start to repent his treatment of Daniel even before the final showdown at the karate event. There are even pictures from those scenes in the first book. I love this old school version of DVD special features. They’re like those Souvenir magazines some of the flicks had back int he day…

  • Wow! This makes me want to pick up this novel & watch the movie again! Ha ha. I do remember a Karate Kid movie novelization that had some extra scenes, I think I was for the 2nd move where he goes to Okinawa… the scene during the storm? Man, I need to see if that book is still at my Mom’s house…

  • Ilya Chentsov

    Ive read Kotzwinkles novel when it was published in Russian magazine Smena in 1985, and the episode where the kids play Dungeons and Dragons captivated my imagination most of all. We didnt have anything like this in USSR (guess it was the last year the country still had this name), so I tried and tried to imagine what it was like. I even made my own board for the game! Later, Ive found another edit of the same translations, where some terms were inexplicably replaced: the Walking Dead (presumably thats what they were, Ive never read the original, more on that below) became Wondering Monsters, and the name of the game was changed to Dragons and Demons, etc. Ive searched for the original text, but found none here, and Im too much of a cheapskate to order the book from Amazon for $12 (shipping being most of the price with the actual price of 1 cent, and no digital version). So, if you still have the book on hand, and can take on yourself the toil of retyping or scanning this one scene and sending it to me, Ill be grateful to no end.

  • Stefani Yup, Ive actually written a piece on that wonderfully weird book as well (its set to post to Brandedinthe80s.com on Thursday.) That book takes E.T.s edginess to a whole new creepy level of intergalactic stalker proportions. On the other hand E.T. grows a spaceship out of a turnip, so that part was pretty cool Less Lee Its totally worth the investment, especially if you dig the movie. Just so weird Kirk I think this is one of those things that gets better the more you age, which granted, is weird for a movie tie-in thats generally aimed at kids Lincoln Yeah, Im super curious to revisit the film now that Ive got a new perspective on the story. Im betting its going to be a challenge to un-character-develop the various players Kooshmeister Thanks. There really is a lot to love about adaptations when done well

  • Kooshmeister

    Nice to see a genuinely glowing review of a film novelization. Im an avid collector of such books and own more of them than original novels. E.T. was one of the first I read, and, along with Star Wars, one of the first which really made me appreciate them (the better-written ones, anyway) as alternative views on the same story. The weird part is that I read both long after the 1980?s, in high school around 1998 (!). Yes my high schools library had hardbound copies of E.T. and Star Wars for some reason. I wasnt complaining.

  • Linclon Thurber

    I remember reading the novelization whee I was 12, and I very deeply remember the character of Keys. I also recall seeing E.T. again when it came back to our $1 threaters a few months later trying to link up the more fleshed out character of Keys with the movie character. Sadly, I think I sold my novelization copy to a used bookstore in the early 90s.

  • I bought this book through one of the class book orders that I was so fond of. Id never read a novel, but I was determined to read this one. It confused me so. For instance, it took me forever to realize that the botanist was E.T. I didnt know what a botanist was and I didnt understand why you would call E.T. anything other than E.T. The story was structured so differently and there were so many weird tangents that I wondered if it was from an entirely different film. The moms adult thought life was indeed troubling and boring to boot. I remember specifically checking to see if Elliot still used the term penis breath. They changed it to dog breath. I dont think I made it halfway through. Instead I decorated the book with some Dukes of Hazzard scotch tape and set it out as room decor. Fortunately they also made a picture book.

  • This is fascinating. I have a couple of shelves of novelizations and have read quite a few. I havent read the E.T. one, though now I will.

  • Stefani

    Did you know there was a sequel, also written by Kotzwinkle? It was called E.T.: The Book of the Green Planet. As I recall, it takes place on E.T.s home planet. Wish I could remember more than that

  • Mark Morley

    Wow, thats a really good question! Sort of like the old joke variations: Please dont tell my mother Im (working for the Bush administration, etc.). I tell her Im playing the piano in a whorehouse.

  • Mark Wow, thats awesome (in a weird way I guess.) I wonder if getting the novelization gigs was considered a step up at the time?

  • Mark Morley

    Its not the same thing at all, but my favorite novelization story concerns the early-Sixties Danish-American rubber monster epic REPTILICUS. The novelization was assigned to somebody who apparently specialized in softcore porn books, and the book (which, with Reptilicus on the cover, seemed to be aimed at twelve-year-olds) is riddled with her breasts glistened in the moonlight scenes (not an actual example). I was in high school at the time and just skimmed it at the paperback rack, but I could imagine lots of younger folks possibly getting their first, and unexpected, glimpse of another, scarier than REPTILICUS, world from this book. I think they did the same thing with KONGA, a low grade KING KONG ripoff around the same time. -3 August 2010 at 6:19 am-

  • I don’t think I read this one for some reason. I did read your treatise on the ET sequel novel, but this is fascinating. I love 80s movie novelizations. I read them voraciously. I love when they provide more depth of character and a different point of view than the movie. Great article, Shawn.

  • Mkenyon

    I’ve often wondered if other people ever noticed the scene when Gertie has the TV on and Grover (on Sesame Street) says he is going to shoot himself two times.

  • Logan

    I tried to read the novelisation for this when I was younger, but always found myself stopping. It felt like an ‘adult’ book to me, which was counter to what I wanted from E.T. at the time.

    • Totally, and that’s 100% of what I find fascinating about it now. Love it when authors don’t write down to kids, but this book takes the cake in that department!

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